Title: The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders &c. Author: Daniel Defoe. Release Date: March 19, [EBook #]. Language: English. Free PDF, epub, site ebook. The full title being: 'The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders Who was born in Newgate, and during a life of. Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe. Adobe PDF icon. Download this document as a. pdf: File size: MB What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to read.
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Download Moll Flanders free in PDF & EPUB format. Download Daniel Defoe's Moll Flanders for your site, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile. Moll Flanders (Webster's French Thesaurus Edition) Moll Flanders (Webster's Korean Thesaurus Edition) Children's Books - Defoe, Daniel - Moll Flanders. Free site book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg.
To give the history of a wicked life repented of, necessarily requires that the wicked part should be make as wicked as the real history of it will bear, to illustrate and give a beauty to the penitent part, which is certainly the best and brightest, if related with equal spirit and life.
It is suggested there cannot be the same life, the same brightness and beauty, in relating the penitent part as is in the criminal part.
But as this work is chiefly recommended to those who know how to read it, and how to make the good uses of it which the story all along recommends to them, so it is to be hoped that such readers will be more leased with the moral than the fable, with the application than with the relation, and with the end of the writer than with the life of the person written of. There is in this story abundance of delightful incidents, and all of them usefully applied.
There is an agreeable turn artfully given them in the relating, that naturally instructs the reader, either one way or other.
The first part of her lewd life with the young gentleman at Colchester has so many happy turns given it to expose the crime, and warn all whose circumstances are adapted to it, of the ruinous end of such things, and the foolish, thoughtless, and abhorred conduct of both the parties, that it abundantly atones for all the lively description she gives of her folly and wickedness.
The repentance of her lover at the Bath, and how brought by the just alarm of his fit of sickness to abandon her; the just caution given there against even the lawful intimacies of the dearest friends, and how unable they are to preserve the most solemn resolutions of virtue without divine assistance; these are parts which, to a just discernment, will appear to have more real beauty in them all the amorous chain of story which introduces it.
In a word, as the whole relation is carefully garbled of all the levity and looseness that was in it, so it all applied, and with the utmost care, to virtuous and religious uses. None can, without being guilty of manifest injustice, cast any reproach upon it, or upon our design in publishing it.
The full title being: It purports to be the true account of the life of Moll, detailing her exploits from birth until old age. Captain Singleton Daniel Defoe. The Fortunate Mistress Daniel Defoe. Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe.
Moll Flanders Teacher’s Guide
A Tour Through The Whole Daniel Defoe. My true name is so well known in the records or registers at Newgate, and in the Old Bailey, and there are some things of such consequence still depending there, relating to my particular conduct, that it is not be expected I should set my name or the account of my family to this work; perhaps, after my death, it may be better known; at present it would not be proper, no not though a general pardon should be issued, even without exceptions and reserve of persons or crimes.
It is enough to tell you, that as some of my worst comrades, who are out of the way of doing me harm having gone out of the world by the steps and the string, as I often expected to go , knew me by the name of Moll Flanders, so you may give me leave to speak of myself under that name till I dare own who I have been, as well as who I am. But Moll Flanders is not a typical spiritual autobiography. Defoe intentionally makes his choice of protagonist ironic, in that he uses a person of dubious moral character in a spiritual autobiography to illustrate the dualism of autobiography, and thereby challenge the use of the genre.
Rather than setting forth the life of some worthy clergyman for emulation Defoe presents the life of a lawless, morally bankrupt woman who retells her life story after she has repented of her sins. Ostensibly the purpose is the same as any spiritual autobiography: to show the virtues of goodness and the blackness of sin, and thereby provide a model of behaviour for the reader.
However, the moral lessons in Moll Flanders are taught negatively rather than positively , by having the elder Moll reflect on her wicked youth and condemn it.
Defoe perhaps uses the character of Moll in an attempt to reveal an inherent weakness of autobiography. This weakness results from the discrepancy between the emotions and thoughts actually experienced at the important moments in our life, and the subsequent reinterpretation of these events which reshapes and distorts them, thereby hindering self-knowledge and true introspection. In Moll's case her deeds are so out of joint with her later remembrances of them that it is possible to spot where the elder Moll has rewritten her history in order for it to fit into the pattern of sin and repentance which gives her life meaning and respectability in her old age.
Because of these discrepancies we come to suspect that Moll's claim to repentance is hollow, that her attempt to claim moral and social respectability is merely a retrospectively applied framework of values which she imposes on her life, but which is totally unconvincing given her unchanged immoral behaviour at the end of the novel.
Defoe thereby manages to reveal the self-deluding psychological nature of his protagonist, while also pointing out the possible pitfalls of the autobiographical genre when it comes to issues regarding the objectivity and self- knowledge of the writer. Moll Flanders is the obverse of a usual spiritual autobiography. Rather than holding up a religious and pious life for imitation it relates the life of a poor orphan who uses her body, and her ability to manipulate other people, to earn a living.
Throughout her life Moll sells her body, steals and cheats people only to eventually 'repent' of her evil ways when she has acquired enough ill-gotten money to live comfortably. However material comfort is not enough, all her life Moll has craved social respectability.
Therefore she writes her own spiritual autobiography in order to demonstrate her repentant state by condemning her former behaviour. Defoe states in the preface the moral purpose of the book, which is to show the horrible consequences of sin; he says "there is not a wicked action in any part of it, but is first rendered unhappy and unfortunate" Defoe, 5.
However, although the stated purpose of the novel is to show the dire consequences of an evil life, Moll ends up rather comfortably off, and we are left with a nagging suspicion that her repentance is in fact a cover which even Moll has convinced herself to believe in hindsight. Defoe's unstated intention is to make us question whether the retrospective review of her life derives from a truly authentic repentance, or is rather an artificial attempt to impose Christian order and meaning on her life.
By examining how Moll describes her past we can determine her post- repentance state of mind. One of Moll's first misadventures takes place when she is living as a guest in a gentlewoman's family. One of the lady's sons seduces Moll with words and gold.
The recollection of the event is not that of a young girl, but that of the seventy-year old, extremely sexually experienced penitent, whom years of cold calculating and self- degradation have hardened.
She comments upon an opportunity which she lost with her seducer "I might have made my own terms with him; and if I had not capitulated for an immediate marriage, I might for a maintenance till marriage, and might have had what I would; for he was already rich to excess" Defoe, Her recollection is not concerned with the sinfulness of her deed, but with a lost financial opportunity in not dealing more adroitly with her lover.
Of course Moll tacks on a moral to the story saying "Thus I gave up myself to a readiness of being ruined without the least concern, and am a fair memento to all young women, whose vanity prevails over their virtue" Defoe, Moll's real regret is clearly in hindsight the loss of an opportunity of manipulating the man into a marriage which would have been financially rewarding for her.
This hardly bespeaks a penitent heart, rather it clearly demonstrates that Moll's character has not changed, that she is still driven by greed and that her claim to penitence is quite hollow.Although her help is rather unorthodox—she teaches Moll to become a world-class thief—the midwife wants only the best and provides for Moll as best she can. I have been told that in one of neighbour nations, whether it be in France or where else I know not, they have an order from the king, that when any criminal is condemned, either to die, or to the galleys, or to be transported, if they leave any children, as such are generally unprovided for, by the poverty or forfeiture of their parents, so they are immediately taken into the care of the Government, and put into a hospital called the House of Orphans, where they are bred up, clothed, fed, taught, and when fit to go out, are placed out to trades or to services, so as to be well able to provide for themselves by an honest, industrious behaviour.
There are in effect two central characters in an autobiography; that of the person who experienced the event as it happened, and the older self-retelling and reinterpreting the events later. The circumstances are too long to repeat, and I have heard them related so many ways, that I can scarce be certain which is the right account.
Daniel Defoe - Moll Flanders
After Moll is convicted of theft and sent to Virginia as a convict she meets a son from one of her many previous marriages. The elder Moll asserts that she was forced into it by a number of circumstances, when it is more likely that she was coldly and shrewdly weighing her alternatives.
References are to this edition.
These were third-person accounts of the lives of persons already dead. Had this been the custom in our country, I had not been left a poor desolate girl without friends, without clothes, without help or help er in the world, as was my fate; and by which I was not only exposed to very great distresses, even before I was capable either of understanding my case or how to amend it, but brought into a course of life which was not only scandalous in itself, but which in its ordinary course tended to the swift destruction both of soul and body.
One form of writing which was not only accepted, but actually encouraged by Puritan religious practise was that of the personal diary.